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Overview

Nepal Birding Tour & Trek with Roof of the World Everest Sagarmatha National park was gazetted in 1976 and lies in the Solu-Khumbu District of the north-eastern region of Nepal. The park covers 114,800 ha and encompasses the upper catchment of the Dudh Koshi River system. It is enclosed on  all sides by high mountain ranges. The northern boundary is defined  by the main divide of the great Himalayan range which forms the international border with the Tibetan Autonomous Region of China. In the south, the boundary extends almost as far as Monjo on the Dudh Koshi ( Green 1993). The park is a spectacular mountainous area with seven peaks over 7,000m. including the world's highest mountain Sagarmatha. Most of the park (69%) comprises barren land over 5,000m. 28% is grazing land, and nearly 3% is forested (Sherpa 1985 in Green 1993). In the subalpine zone. 3,000-3,800m. There are forests of blue pine pinups wallichiana, fir Abies spectabilis, and juniper juniperus recurva and birch rhododendron forest ( Betula utilis, Rhododendron campanulatum, and R. campylocarpum). Higher up in the lower alpine zone above the tree line at 3,800-4,000m. ther are shrubberies of janiperus spp. Rhododendron anthopogon and R. leoidotum. Grassland and dwarf shrubs grow in the upper alpine zone, 4,5000-5,500m, and cushion plants from 5,500m. to 6,000m. Oak Quercus semecarpifolia was formerly more extensive but only small areas now remain (Green,1993).Sagarmatha (mother of the universe')and its surrounding are the international importance, representing a major stage of the earth's evolutionary history and one of the most geologically interesting regions in the world. Its scenic and wilderness values are outstanding. As an ecological unit,the Dudh Koshi catchmenti is of biological and socio-economic importance, as well as being of major cultural and religious significance (blower 1972). Duration:24 days

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